Teaching and Learning Resources

In addition to historical records and collections, the Centre provides access to educational materials and resources to support further learning about residential schools and their legacy in Canada. Visit the Centre in person to find a selection of books, activities and puppets for children of all ages, as well as self-guided Dialogue Cards for educators and learners of all ages.

For virtual learning, browse the Collections online or choose from the suggested educational resources below.


Videos

Shi-Shi-Etko (2011).
This film adaptation of the book by Nicola I. Campbell is about a young girl named Shishietko who spends her last four days before leaving for a residential school appreciating the beauty of her surroundings.

Residential schools in Canada: A timeline by Historica Canada. (2020).
This video covers history from the landing of Jesuits in what is now known as Quebec in the 17th century, to the release of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s final report in 2015.

Canadian Shame: A History of Residential Schools | Ginger Gosnell-Myers | TEDxVancouver Ginger Gosnell-Myers, of Nisga’a and Kwakwaka’wakw heritage, is a policy expert, researcher, and activist whose work focuses on removing barriers between Indigenous peoples and all Canadians.

Witness Blanket: A National Monument

Residential School Shame: The TRC Report (curio.ca)

Residential Schools: A Sad Chapter in Canadian History (curio.ca)

Films by Indigenous filmmakers about: Residential Schools History, Personal Accounts, Experience – Indigenous Cinema – NFB

We Were Children by Tim Wolochatiuk – NFB

Intergenerational Trauma: Residential Schools by Historica Canada


Non-Fiction Books and Reports

Madeleine Stout and Gregory Kipling. Aboriginal People, Resilience and the Residential School Legacy (2003)

Edited by Marlene Castellano, Linda Archibald and Mike DeGagne. From Truth to Reconciliation: Transforming the Legacy of Residential Schools (2008)

Brent Stonefish. Moving beyond: Understanding the Impacts of Residential School (2007)

Constance Brissenden, Larry Oskiniko Loyie, Wayne K. Spear. Residential Schools: With the words and images of Survivors (2014)


Memoirs

Florence Kaefer and Edward Gamblin. Back to the Red Road: A story of Survival, Redemption and Love (2014)

Edmund Metatawabin and Alexandra Shimo. Up Ghost River: A Chief’s Journey Through the Turbulent Waters of Native History (2014)

A.S. Jack. Behind Closed Doors: Stories from the Kamloops Indian Residential School (2006) 

Theodore Fontaine. Broken Circle: The Dark Legacy of Indian Residential Schools (2010)

Fred Sasakamoose. Call Me Indian: From the Trauma of Residential School to Becoming the NHL’s First Treaty Indigenous Player (2021)

Bev Sellars. They Called Me Number 1 (2012)

Alicia Elliott. A Mind Spread Out on the Ground (2020)

Louise Halfe. Burning in This Midnight Dream (2016)

Survivors of the Assiniboia Indian Residential School. Did You See Us?: Reunion, Remembrance, and Reclamation at an Urban Indian Residential School (2021)

Agnes Grant. Finding My Talk: How Fourteen Canadian Native Women Reclaimed Their Lives After Residential School (2004)

Antoine Bear Rock Mountain. From Bear Rock Mountain: The Life and Times of a Dene Residential School Survivor (2019)

Helen Knott. In My Own Moccasins: A Memoir of Resilience (2020)

Suzanne Methot. Legacy: Trauma, Story, and Indigenous Healing (2019)

Shirley Sterling. My name is Seepeetza (1992)


Fiction

Joan Crate. Black Apple (2017)

Michelle Good. Five Little Indians: A Novel (2020)

Bevann Fox. Genocidal Love: A Life after Residential School (2021)

Richard Wagamese. Indian Horse: A Novel (2012)

Robert Alexie. Porcupines and China Dolls (2009)


Articles

A. Gebhard. Reconciliation or Racialization?: Contemporary Discourses about Residential Schools in the Canadian Prairies (2017)

Amy Bombay, Kimberly Matheson and Hymie Anisman. The Intergenerational Effects of Indian Residential Schools: Implications for the Concept of Historical Trauma (2014)

Dr. Daniel Heath Justice and Dr. Sean Carleton. Truth before Reconciliation: 8 ways to identify and confront Residential school denialism (2021)


Government Publications

Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future: Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada [2015]

What We Have Learned: Principles of Truth and Reconciliation [2015]

The Survivors Speak: A Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada [2015]

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action [2015]

Canada’s Residential Schools: The History, Part 1 Origins to 1939 The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Volume 1

Canada’s Residential Schools: The History, Part 2 1939 to 2000 The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Volume 1

Lessons Learned: Survivor Perspectives [2020]


Resources for Children

Christy Jordan-Fenton. A Stranger at Home: A True Story (2012) [Ages 9 to 12]

Larry Loyie. As Long as the Rivers Flow (2005) [Ages 7 to 9]

Dr. Jenny Dupuis and Kathy Kacer. I am Not a Number (2016) [Ages 7 to 11]

Nicola Campbell. Shin-Chi’s Canoe (2008) [Ages 4 to 7]

Rebecca Thomas. I’m Finding My Talk (2021) [Ages 4 to 9]

Deborah Ellis. Looks Like Daylight: Voices of Indigenous Kids (2013) [Ages 12+]


Other sites where educational resources can be found


Organizations


Podcasts

Residential Schools Podcast Series
This three-part podcast series created by Historica Canada and hosted by Shaneen Robinson-Desjarlais discusses the history and legacy of residential schools, with inpuiest from First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Survivors, their families, and communities. 

Unreserved with Roseanna Deerchild. This CBC podcast series covers a range of topics including the history and legacy of residential schools in Canada.